Fossil Analysis Shows Extinct Bat’s Color’s

For the first time, paleontologists have been able to analyze fossils and derive the colors of extinct mammals.

Virginia Tech and University of Bristol scientists analyzed microscopic structures in the fossils of two bats that lived 50 million years ago and determined what their coloring would have been in life — a reddish-brown.

The researchers say the technique can be used on well preserved fossils up to 300 million years old. The finding, then, could help scientists figure out the real colors of a great many extinct species whose coloring has until now only been guessed at.

Dinosaur Feathers Found In Amber: Photos

The structures the team studied in the bat fossils were once believed, in a long-running debate, to be fossilized bacteria. But the researchers say they are actually melanosomes, cell structures that hold melanin, the substance that brings color to skin, hair, feathers and eyes.

The study’s senior author, University of Bristol paleontologist Jakob Vinther, has worked with fossil melanosomes since 2008, when he first described them from a fossilized

Bumblebees Decimated by Climate Change Study

All bees — all pollinators, actually — are under stress these days, but bumblebees are especially affected by climate change, according to a new study.

Other species are mitigating the effects of warming by expanding their territories northward, but not bumblebees, found the study, published in Science. In fact, bumblebees appear to be contracting their territories.

Photos: Plant These Flowers to Power Bees

“One of the important things to me was how many species are being impacted by climate change. That was a bit of a surprise,” said York University Prof. Laurence Packer, an expert on bees and a co-author on the study with lead author Jeremy Kerr of the University of Ottawa, in a press release.

“I’d suspected some may be declining, but not such a large proportion. The fact that at the northern edges of their ranges they are not moving north as the climate changes is actually really quite worrying,” he said.

Photos: Faces of Bees, Flies and Friends

Bumblebee species are dying out quickly, some as fast as a few decades, said the study.

“For the North American species that I work on, we know that about a third of them are in decline and in some

How to Know When It’s Time to Put Down Your Pet

labrador resting with its head in a woman's lap

It’s the moment every pet-owner dreads: the one when you realize your precious dog or cat or parakeet is too hurt, in too much pain, or too uncomfortable to go on. But deciding whether or not to euthanize is never easy, no matter how obvious the answer.

This Old House turned to the American Kennel Club for a few guidelines, courtesy of Mary R. Burch, PhD, the club’s Canine Good Citizen Director and Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist.

“For me, the bottom line for euthanasia is that I would never let a beloved pet suffer,” Burch says. “While there may be pain or discomfort from a medical procedure from which the animal is going to get better—such as the removal of a tumor in the mouth causing soreness for several days—I would not let my pet suffer long term because I was having a hard time saying good-bye.”

See more: 10 Pet-Friendly Home Projects

Burch notes that senior dogs and cats may let you know when it’s time. “In cases where there isn’t extreme pain, but perhaps the animal has gotten old, my experience is the light goes out of their eyes,” she

Grooming Your Dog In Winter: 5 Things You Should Know

Many people believe that their dogs don’t need any heavy grooming during the winter months because they stay indoors most of the time. While it’s true that dogs aren’t as hyperactive as they happen to be in the summer days, dog grooming in the winter months is absolutely mandatory to ensure proper health and hygiene of your dog.
Given below are five basic dogs grooming tips during winters.
Winter Haircut for the Dog
Giving your dog a proper haircut is a must in winters. Regular hair trimming is also required for breeds like West Highland White Terrier, Poodle, and Schnauzer. The long coats of dogs do help in keeping them warm but if they’re not properly trimmed in a timely manner, they can harm the dog’s health.
This is because matted fur doesn’t provide heat or warmth; instead, it becomes a source of hot spots, pain, irritation, and discomfort for the dog. Heavy matting can also lead to microbial infestation which can cause many skin infections. Hence, haircut doesn’t only make your dog look well-groomed and handsome but is also necessary for the dog’s health.
Bath Time in winters
Proper bathing routine in winters is necessary for your

Content Writing Tips For Beginners

  1. Write For Human:

At whatever point you begin writing a content, ensure you are writing for human not for search engines, robots and pandas. Many content writers use wrong methods to get high rank in search engines while search engines are working highly smart now a day.

Few tips:

  • Easy content
  • Well composed content
  • Grammatically right


  1. Write intriguing, interesting, well written content:

This is one of the best SEO content writing tips for starters to write fresh and fascinating content that your users loves to read and return to your site again to read content updates.

Unique and well written content pulls in more users, Google also likes well written content and freshly composed content. As Google is all the more fascinating to discover one of a kind content that it readers Love to read and put these content on the highest point of web search engine positioning.


  1. Scannable content is crucial: (heading, subheadings and so on)

Ensure your page has couple of scannable writings that attracts users to read out your content. These are the writings that are highlighted in visual cues as

Pet Insurance for Your Not So Popular Pet

Pet insurance started over three decades ago when it was widely targeting the popular domestic pets – cats and dogs. As a matter of fact back then, exotic pets would not be allowed to get a comprehensive cover because they were not so popular. Besides being paranoid, pet insurers were naïve and knew little –if at all they knew anything – about these pedigree breeds of today.

What If Your Pet Isn’t Among The Traditional Ones?

Exotic pet insurance traces its roots back to the UK back in the days when the rest of the world was yet to accept them. The sector used to ignore the other breeds just because insurers would see no tractions concentrating their efforts in the unknown. Then, came the 1990’s in the US when the whole industry took a complete revamp, and these “less popular” pets suddenly became famous.

Exotic Pets and their corresponding insurance covers

The most recent studies about these priceless exotic pet breeds reveal that in addition to enjoying a pervasive acceptance amongst pet insurance providers, their rates of premium are comparatively higher. They may be invaluable in the eyes of a pet owner,

How You Can Help Fight Animal Cruelty

Animal cruelty is something that is close to many people’s hearts. Many think of it as an abuse that is akin to child abuse, since animals are also defenseless against the hands or neglect of humans.

It tends to rouse similar anger and outrage as well, and there are now many agencies that are set up to help prevent animal cruelty, and also shelters where rescued animals find solace and comfort from their abusive or neglectful environments.

Years ago, there were not even any laws set up to protect animals from abuse, and abusers were able to get away with doing just about anything they wanted without consequence.

Now, there are animal protection laws set up in almost every state, and if you are found guilty of inhumane treatment of an animal, you are subject to anything from fines to community service, to jail time.

While we’ve come a long way in legislating animal protection laws, there is still room for improvement, as they are not stiff enough penalties in most people’s eyes, and it seems that it’s still taken rather lightly.

While I’m not aligned with the extreme mentality of animal rights groups that preach vegetarianism and use tactics that I don’t deem appropriate

Animal Jewelry a very different and beautiful form of adornment

Animal jewelry is available in many different styles. Some popular motifs for designs include dolphins, cats, horses and dogs. Animal jewelry is such that it can be truly appreciated by an animal lover. It comes in a wide variety of price ranges. It can be something very reasonable and can also be quite expensive. Some kinds of animal jewelry are made of precious metals and decorated with precious and semi precious stones. Such expensive high end animal jewelry can be made from sterling silver or gold and can even have diamonds or rubies as settings. The kind of craftsmanship used the finish and over all look also makes a huge difference to the overall price of this kind of jewelry.

Animal jewelry is available in various specialty stores, jewelry stores, antique stores and boutiques. It can also be found in some kinds of departmental stores and also online. If you can afford it, you can even get animal jewelry made to order according to your specifications. Many kinds of animal jewelry is found in the shape of charms/totems and pendants. They are considered to be quite lucky and auspicious in certain cultures and regions and are worn as good luck charms.

Favorite Stuffed Animal Toys

The stuffed animal satisfies the kids as well as the adults who are been attracted by the functionality and funny of this toy. And it is considered as the one of the favorite toy designed especially by the kids. Some youngsters also use to possess these type of stuffed animals like teddy bears and also been gifted as the token of affection to their friends. The loved one feels happier when stuffed animal is been presented as gift.  These toys are been provided the facility of cleaning if it gets dirty while playing with it. The manufacturer provides all the safety and cleansing information in order to maintain the toy good looking and everlasting. And it is suggested to clean the stuffed animal using the drier or even with a washer.  Or even soap is also recommended to wash these toys.

These toys do not have the legs and is designed or make it walk able using some technical terms. And prior to washing of these toys it is recommended to check whether there is a loose component which may get destructed while washing. These are concerned with special care so that it exists for a long period of time.  Many

Animal Spirit Wisdom

Animal Spirit Wisdom

To our past ancestors, the animal held great spiritual power and symbolic meaning. In Native American culture, mythology and ancient civilizations, each animal is embodied with its own symbolic meaning and held its own unique spiritual power.
A particular animal crossing your path had deep significance to your life and indeed a strong message to impart. The presence of animal wisdom may appear to you in a dream, on the physical plane or intuitively.

The Butterfly

The butterfly is the symbol of metamorphosis and transformation.
The symbol of new life, letting go of old cycles and finding your true inner expression.
The butterfly calls you to expand your awareness, spread your wings and call forth your inner joy.
Let go of limitations, and free yourself to express your own beauty within.

It is the time of spiritual transitions. Symbolic of moving from one phase of life to the next reaching higher, reaching outward, leaving the safety of the cocoon and finding your own place among the flowers of life.
Allowing the wind to carry you forward to your goals and dreams.
A time of self-discovery rebirth. The butterfly shows you the beauty within.
Go forth with joy.

I recognize my true

Using Animal Control To Get Rid Of Unwanted Critters

Think an animal in your neighborhood is being mistreated? Is a wild animal posing a threat? Here are a few do’s and don’ts for ensuring that animal and human residents of the area are peacefully co-existing.

Animal Control in Carlsbad, CA is responsible for dealing with most of the animal related disturbances for San Diego County, including all of the incorporated and unincorporated areas within. But you may be at a loss if you should contact the City of Carlsbad, who contracts with the County of San Diego for animal control services, or if you should contact the county itself. Here are a few guidelines you can follow to make sure that you are contacting the right department, as well as ensuring that you are not putting yourself in any unnecessary risk.

If you are just looking to adopt a pet, license one you have already, or any other pet matter that is unrelated to a disturbance you should contact the County of San Diego directly. They operate three shelters, including the one in Carlsbad, so you should not have to contact animal control in Carlsbad at all for any peaceful inquiries. Carlsbad animal control is mostly responsible for dealing with animal

Five Safety Tips for Avoiding a Collision With an Animal

Collisions with animals are a serious problem across the United States. The Insurance Information Institute estimates that there are more than 1.6 million vehicle collisions with deer each year, resulting in over $4.6 billion in vehicle damage, medical costs and other expenses.

Knowing the following information about animal collisions can help you reduce your risk.

  1. If an animal jumps out in front of you, do not swerve, but brake quickly.
  2. In most cases, hitting the animal will cause less damage than hitting another vehicle or tree.
  3. Be especially alert at dusk and dawn when visibility can be reduced; 90 percent of collisions with animals occur at these times.
  4. Deer activity peaks from October to December; nearly half of deer collisions happen during these months.
  5. Wooded areas are likely crossing spots for animals, and many, like deer, travel together, so expect more than one animal to cross the road.

What if I hit an animal?

  • Call local law enforcement if you have a collision with an animal; they will direct you to your next step.
  • In some states there are specific requirements if you hit an animal; check with your Department of Motor Vehicles in your state.

Animal scientists identify mutations that led to pigs that lack immune systems

Animal science researchers at Iowa State University have identified a pair of genetic mutations that cause immune deficiencies in pigs that make them uniquely good models for testing potential medical therapies for people.

The discovery of the mutations will pave the way for researchers to further develop a genetic line of pigs with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) at Iowa State and to improve husbandry and management practices for the pigs.

Christopher Tuggle, an animal science professor, said pigs born with SCID make ideal models for studying vaccines, potential cancer treatments and stem cell therapies for human medicine. That’s because their deficient immune systems can’t reject cells introduced experimentally.

“The pig is known to be an excellent model for human biology due to its similar size, physiology and genetic make-up,” Tuggle said. “This shows it has high potential as a model for many areas of testing in regenerative medicine, a new medical specialty that repairs disease instead of treating symptoms.”

Tuggle was part of a research team that published findings recently in the Journal of Immunology, a peer-reviewed academic publication, identifying two genetic mutations in pigs that lead to offspring with SCID. The editors of the journal highlighted the publication for its

New research in birds, reptiles, and insects is redefining “normal” sexual behavior, revealing that gender-bending, promiscuous, and dangerous sex isn’t limited to humans

The Australian splendid fairy-wren has a peculiar way of passing on its genetic material. It starts off in a manner that might seem familiar to anyone who’s seen a 1950s family sitcom: Boy meets girl, boy partners with girl for life, boy and girl raise family together. But that’s where the similarities end. After the baby wrens grow up, they don’t pair up with other wrens right away; instead, they help their parents raise the next brood. Except that next brood is likely not the true genetic offspring of the “father” of this family.

You see, while splendid fairy-wrens do pair up in family units for life, they rarely mate with their original partners. Instead, both males and females like to get together for dangerous sex with other wrens, who in turn may be socially paired with other wrens. And calling this sex “dangerous” may be only a slight exaggeration. Science writer Rob Mitchum blogged last week about research showing that these tiny wrens not only mate primarily outside the family unit, they may be more interested in mating in the presence of one of their primary predators, the butcherbird.

Bright blue male splendid fairy-wrens, instead of fleeing in the face of

290 Million Year Old Creature Could Sprout New Limbs

If an ancient amphibian lost a limb or a tail, it could simply sprout a new one, according to researchers who found fossil evidence of limb regeneration dating back 290 million years.

The finding shows that some Carboniferous and Permian period animals had regenerative abilities a full 80 million years before salamanders, one of the few modern-day animal groups that can fully regenerate their limbs and tail, existed in the fossil record.

The fact that other tetrapods — a group comprised of four-legged vertebrates, including amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds — had regenerative abilities suggests there are multiple ways to regrow limbs, said study lead researcher Nadia Fröbisch, a paleontologist at the Natural History Museum in Berlin. [Slithery, Slimy: Images of Legless Amphibians]

“Regenerative medicine is an active and very large research field,” Fröbisch told Live Science. Most regenerative medicine is focused on the molecular mechanisms used by modern salamanders, but “we don’t only have to look for things specific to salamanders, but also mechanisms present in all tetrapods,” she said.

Fröbisch has studied limb regeneration in salamanders for years. She’s not alone — at least 100 years ago, researchers noted that salamander limbs develop differently than those of all other tetrapods, and wondered

Pets and People Introducing Your Pet to a New Baby

Baby onboard? Congratulations! With a new bundle of joy on the way, the “to do’s” might seem endless, but if you’ve already got a four-legged “baby” at home, preparing for the transition is an important item to add to the list. Dogs and cats are particularly sensitive to any changes in routine and surroundings, including sights and smells, so you’ll need to plan accordingly. Know what to expect from your pet when you’re expecting – check out our tips before the big day arrives, and make sure keep your household remains a happy one!

Basic Training:

Use the next nine months to address any obedience concerns, or even just to reaffirm the basics. What might have seemed like minor infractions before, such as jumping up on the couch or on guests, will be an even bigger no-no once the baby arrives. Best to nip any lagging behavioral issues in the bud now – and don’t be surprised if you have to make a return visit to the trainer down the road as well.

Intensive Workshops:

Many local humane societies offer special workshops for pet owners who are now parents-to-be. These sessions provide in-depth guidance on the best methods and

Outdoor Activities for Owner and Pet

A breath of fresh air can do wonders for both you and your pet. Outdoor activities not only provide exercise and mental stimulation, but also help curb bad behaviors by giving your furry friend a chance to release excess energy. So set aside the remote, step outside with your pet, and have some fun al fresco style – we’ve got plenty of ideas to get you started!

Organize a Play Date

Play dates are a great way for dogs to keep their socialization skills sharp. Find a dog park in your area to meet and greet with other pups, or if you have your own fenced-in yard, invite friends or family members over with their pets for an afternoon of backyard fun. Make sure to have plenty of water on hand along with bags to clean up after any messes, and keep a close eye on the group to make sure everyone plays nice. Social networking sites such as Facebook and Ning can also be a great resource for finding a doggie meet-up in your area, even ones based on specific breeds.

Get Active With an Activity

Whether it’s in your own back yard or at a local dog park, you can up the

Pets and People Children With Pet Allergies

The combination of kids and pets can be a truly delightful experience, as well as an educational one in terms of teaching children responsibility and other core values such as nurturing and empathy. But for those with little ones who are allergy-prone, it may be a recipe for disaster.

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA), at least 15 percent of Americans who have allergies are allergic to pets, and adults who fall into this group are also more likely to have children with similar conditions. AAFA figures show that as many as 7 out of 10 children will develop pet allergies if both parents are affected. However, it’s also entirely possible for children to develop allergies when both parents are allergy-free.

It’s unclear whether there’s any surefire way to prevent your kids from getting pet allergies. Some studies, including one conducted in 2002 by the Journal of the American Medical Association, indicate that exposing children to pets during their first year of life might in fact help prevent the development of allergies down the road, but experts in the field have yet to agree on whether these studies are valid in all cases.

Signs of a potential pet allergy

Hypoallergenic Pets

If just the sight of a cat or dog seems to make you wheeze, sneeze, or break out in a rash, rest assured, you’re not alone. According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, one out of every four people struggles with allergies and asthma on a regular basis, and 15 to 30 percent of these cases are dog- or cat-related.

For the animal lovers who fall into this category, the idea of hypoallergenic pets probably sounds like a dream come true. But is there really any truth to it? There are certainly many cats and dogs marketed as hypoallergenic, to the extent that the concept has become the subject of national headlines — by way of U.S. President Barack Obama’s highly publicized search for a family dog, for example. Certain companies even claim they have created hypoallergenic pet breeds through selective breeding, and they attach a hefty price tag to them as well: Just one these pets goes for anywhere from thousands to tens of thousands of dollars. Some doctors, however, argue the validity of these companies’ methods, maintaining the only way to create a truly hypoallergenic cat would be by eliminating the feline protein that sets off the

Pet Massage

Whether you’re looking for stress relief, physical therapy, a little pampering or all of the above, a good massage can really hit the spot — but have you ever considered how the practice might benefit animals as well? It’s one of the latest trends to infiltrate the pet industry, and even Hollywood has taken notice: Actress and dog lover Jennifer Aniston has reportedly spent upwards of $250 a week on massages and other treatments for Norman, her 14-year-old corgi terrier mix, to help relieve his aching joints.<— any pet owner can give it a try. Here are some insights from the experts to help you get started, including the potential benefits and risks, top techniques, dos and don’ts, and other tricks of the trade.

Understanding Benefits

There are many benefits associated with pet massage, including just generally enhancing an animal’s quality of life. More specifically, explains Jonathan Rudinger — president of the International Association of Animal Massage and Bodywork (IAAMB) — massage helps increase animal flexibility, improves blood and lymph circulation, helps maintain balance, and also promotes a good appetite and sound

Understanding Pet Food Labels

You may think you’re feeding Fido top-of-the-line dog food, but without an understanding of pet food labels, you may be putting your pooch at risk. It takes more than just reading the catchy brand name and nutritional claims that pop out at you to really comprehend what your pets are eating.

In the United States, the federal government requires pet food manufacturers to list specific information on the outside of each package, such as the ingredients, where the food is made and the amount of food in that container. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Center for Veterinary Medicine regulates the standards that the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) sets. Some states also have an additional set of standards for pet food. Typically, states’ regulations align with AAFCO’s guidelines and require labels to include a product’s name, the guaranteed analysis of ingredients, a nutritional adequacy statement, feeding directions and calorie statements. Pet food makers must guarantee that what’s in the box, bag or can contains the fiber, fat, moisture and crude protein stated on the packaging [source: Consumer Reports].

Canada appears to have stricter rules. The Pet Food Association of Canada bans specified risk materials (SRMs) from being fed

Raw Pet Food Diet

Grocery Store vs Specialty Foods

Many people consider their pets full-fledged family members — and also treat them as such. So for those who subscribe to the theory, “You are what you eat,” what ends up in your pet’s food dish can be just as important as what you put on your own plate. As is the case with people food, the choices for pet food are seemingly endless, not just in terms of what type to buy, but which company makes it and what store to buy it from. When comparing labels, you may wonder: Are specialty brands really more beneficial than the more commonly known brands available from regular grocery stores?

First off, it may help to understand who’s making the foods your pet eats. Many of the main players in the pet food industry actually oversee numerous labels. For example, Nestl? acquired Purina and formed Nestl? Purina Petcare Company, which includes brands such as Fancy Feast, Alpo, Friskies and Puppy Chow. Del Monte bought Heinz, and with it came a number of brands including MeowMix, 9Lives and Kibbles ‘n Bits. Even conglomerates not predominately known for being players in the pet food arena have gotten involved, like Procter and Gamble (or P&G), which